Jesus' Crucifixion

Comparisons of Passover and the Crucifixion

Scriptural Reference
Scriptural Reference

Exodus 6:11
Pharaoh – Ruler of Egypt

“Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the Israelites go out of his country.”
Devil – god of this world

The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel that displays the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.

2 Corinthians 4:4

Exodus 6:6
In bondage under Egypt

“Therefore, say to the Israelites: ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment.
In bondage to sin and the Devil

Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a slave to sin.

John 8:34

Exodus 12:17
God’s plan of deliverance for Israel

“Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.
God’s plan of deliverance of mankind

For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

John 3:16

Exodus 12:5
Sacrifice – lambs without defect

The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.
Sacrifice – Jesus lamb of God without sin

But with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect.

1 Peter 1:19

Exodus 12:8-11
Lambs killed and to be eaten to sustain

That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast. 9 Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs. 10 Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it. 11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the Lord’s Passover.
Body of Christ broken for us – everlasting sustainability

23 For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” 26 For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.

1 Corinthians 11:23-26

Exodus 12: 14-15
Unleavened bread to sustain

14 “This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord—a lasting ordinance. 15 For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel.
Jesus the spiritual bread of life to sustain

35 Then Jesus declared, “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never go hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty. 36 But as I told you, you have seen me and still you do not believe. 37 All those the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive away. 38 For I have come down from heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who sent me. 39 And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all those he has given me, but raise them up at the last day. 40 For my Father’s will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last day.”

John 6:35-40

Exodus 12:7
Blood to be painted on the doorframes to escape judgement

7 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.
Jesus blood spilt for mankind to escape judgement

7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace 8 that he lavished on us.

Ephesians 1:7

Exodus 12:12-13
Blood is their protection as judgement passes over

12 “On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord. 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.
If we die, raptured or alive when Jesus returns as King, judgement passes over us through the blood of Jesus shed for us who have accepted his salvation

27 Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. 28 This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. 29 I tell you, I will not drink from this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.”

Matthew 26:27-29

Additional Comparisons of Passover and the Crucifixion

On the 10th day of Nissan the priests carry the lambs for the Passover sacrifices into the temple

In accordance with Jewish Law
10th Day of Nissan – Jesus enters Jerusalem on a donkey and follows the path to the temple that the Passover lambs follow

12 The next day the great crowd that had come for the festival heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem. 13 They took palm branches and went out to meet him, shouting,
“Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!”
“Blessed is the king of Israel!”
14 Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, as it is written:
15 “Do not be afraid, Daughter Zion; see, your king is coming, seated on a donkey’s colt.”

John 12:12-15
The lambs are kept in public view for everyone to observe that there are no blemishes or defects that would disqualify them

In accordance with Jewish Law
During the four days leading up to the crucifixion the religious authorities examined and interrogated Jesus where they could prove no fault

This starts with Jesus revelation of his purity to his disciples and interrogated by the Sanhedrin and Pontius Pilot before his crucifixion

Numerous scriptures in the Gospels
The Passover lamb in the temple is bound to the altar at 9:00 am

In accordance with Jewish Law
Jesus was nailed to the cross at 9:00 am

25 It was nine in the morning when they crucified him. 26 The written notice of the charge against him read: the king of the Jews.

Mark 15: 25-26
At 12:00 noon was the time that they prepared to kill the sacrificial (paschal) lamb

In accordance with Jewish Law
Darkness fell on the whole land from 12:00 noon until 3:00pm. This is a period where even God the Father draws away from Jesus as he carries the sin of the world upon his shoulders

44 It was now about noon, and darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon, 45 for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46 Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” When he had said this, he breathed his last. 47 The centurion, seeing what had happened, praised God and said, “Surely this was a righteous man.”

Luke 23:44-47
The sacrificial lamb was killed at 3:00 pm with the High Priest proclaiming “It is finished!”

In accordance with Jewish Law
Jesus, our High Priest proclaims at 3:00pm, “It is finished,” and then dies.

30 When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

John 19:30